Sears Building, 900 E Lake Street, Minneapolis, Minnesota

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Revision as of 16:09, September 28, 2007

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Sears, Roebuck & Company / Midtown Exchange

Address: 900 Lake Stwarning.png"St" is not in the list of possible values (Avenue, Street, Road, Alcove, Alley, Bay, Boulevard, Circle, Close, Court, Crescent, Crossing, Curve, Drive, Estate, Estates, Farm, Farms, Freeway, Glen, Green, Harbor, Heights, Highway, Hill, Island, Key, Landing, Lane, Loop, Mall, Motorway, Park, Parkway, Pass, Path, Place, Plaza, Point, Ridge, Route, Row, Rue, Run, Skyway, Spur, Square, Terrace, Throughway, Trail, Turnpike, Viaduct, View, Way, Other) for this property. E
Neighborhood/s: Phillips, Minneapolis, MN
City/locality-
State/province
Minneapolis, MN
County-
State/province:
Hennepin County, MN
State/province: MNwarning.png"MN" is not in the list of possible values (Minnesota, Alberta, Alaska, Alabama, Arkansas, American Samoa, Arizona, British Columbia, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Guam, Hawaii, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Manitoba, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, New Brunswick, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, Newfoundland and Labrador, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nova Scotia, Northwest Territories, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Prince Edward Island, Puerto Rico, Palau, Quebec, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Saskatchewan, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, U.S. Virgin Islands, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming, Yukon Territory) for this property.
Country: USAwarning.png"USA" is not in the list of possible values (United States, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, Australia, Austria, Azores (Portugal), Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Bosnia, Botswana, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China - People's Republic of, Colombia, Congo - Republic of, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Faroe Islands (Denmark), Fiji, Finland, France, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Gibraltar, Greece, Greenland, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea_Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macao, Macedonia, Madagascar, Maderia (Portugal), Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Martinique, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Montserrat, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands (Holland), Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Reunion, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, St. Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turks and Caicos Islands, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wallis and Futuna Islands, Western Samoa, Zaire (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Zambia, Zimbabwe, American Samoa, Cambodia, Bonaire (Netherlands Antillies), Canary Islands, Channel Islands, Cook Islands, Curacao (Netherlands Antillies), England, Guam, Kosrae (Federated States of Micronesia), Marshall Islands, Monaco, Myanmar, Norfolk Island, Northern Ireland (UK), Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Ponape, Ireland - Republic Of, Rota (Northern Mariana Islands), Saba (Netherlands Antilles), Saipan (Northern Mariana Islands), Scotland (United Kingdom), St. Barthelemy (Guadeloupe), St. Christopher (St. Kitts and Nevis), St. Croix (U.S. Virgin Islands), St. Eustatius (Netherlands Antilles), St. John (U.S. Virgin Islands), St. Lucia, St. Maarten (Netherlands Antilles), St. Martin (Guadeloupe), St. Thomas (U.S. Virgin Islands), Korea (South Korea), Tahiti (French Polynesia), Truk (Federated States of Micronesia), U.S. Virgin Islands, Wake Island, Wales (United Kingdom), Yap (Federated States of Micronesia)) for this property.
Year built: 1928
Primary Style: Art Decowarning.png"Art Deco" is not in the list of possible values (A-Frame, American Four-Square, Art Deco/Art Moderne, Arts and Crafts/Craftsman, Beaux Arts, Bungalow/Bungaloid, Cape Cod, Carpenter Gothic, Chateauesque, Classical Revival, Colonial Revival, Commercial, Dome, Dutch Colonial, Eastlake/Stick Style, Federalist, Folk, French Renaissance, Georgian, Gothic, Gothic Revival, Greek Revival, International, Italian Renaissance, Italianate, Mission, Modern, Neoclassical, Neoeclectic, Post Modern, Prairie School, Queen Anne, Ranch, Renaissance Revival, Richardsonian Romanesque, Rustic, Second Empire, Shingle, Southwest, Spanish Revival, Tudor Revival, Vernacular, Victorian, Victorian Gothic, Other) for this property.
Additions: 1929, 1964 (demolished), 1979
Major Alterations: 2005 renovated , Coollaborative Design Group and otherswarning.png"2005 renovated , Coollaborative Design Group and others" is not in the list of possible values (Intact, Some/mostly intact, Altered, Significant Alterations, Alterations more apparent than original) for this property.
Historic Function: Department Storewarning.png"Department Store" is not in the list of possible values (House/single dwelling or duplex, Airport terminal, Apartments/condominiums, Auditorium/music facility, Bank/financial institution, Barn/agricultural building, Business, Capitol , City hall/town hall/, Civic, Clinic/medical office, Clubhouse, College/university, Correctional facility, Courthouse, Dancehall/reception area, Department store, Drive-in restaurant or business, Energy facility, Fire/police station, Fortification, Gas/filling station, Government office, Grain elevator, Hospital, Hotel/motel, Institutional housing, Library, Manufacturing facility, Meeting hall, Military facility, Mortuary/funeral home, Multiple dwelling, Museum, Office, Organizational, Park building, Post office, Public works, Rail-related, including depots, Ranger station, Religious/Place of worship, Religious facility, other, Resort/spa, Restaurant, Sanitarium, School, Shopping center/mall/strip mall, Secondary building/sheds, privies, Sports facility/stadium, Theater/concert hall, Warehouse/storage, Other) for this property.
Architect or source of design: Nimmons, Carr and Wright (Chicago)
Material of Exterior Wall Covering: Brick
Material of Foundation: Concrete
First Owner: Sears, Roebuck & Company

Phillips Minneapolis Hennepin

Sears Building, 900 E Lake Street, Minneapolis, Minnesota
(44.94835,-93.261366warning.png"44.94835.-93.261366" is not a number. )
National Register of Historic Places Information



Throughout its 80-year history, the Sears building has been a focal point in the community because of its physical size, and the economic and social impact it had on the area. 40 homes were razed to build it in 1928 at a cost of $5 million. It took less than a year to build it without any public subsidies.

At any one time the store employed nearly 2000 workers as a retail store and one of Sear's nine regional catalog centers. In 1994, Sears, Roebuck and Company left the neighborhood. The company began to focus on its store at Mall of America to access suburban families with higher incomes and people who were used to shopping at malls. Ex-workers and residents in the area were shocked and saddened as they watched their neighborhoods economically decline and as the building remained boarded up and vacant for a decade.

Finally, a coalition of business, community, government, and nonprofit groups stepped up to the challenge. Ryan Companies spent over $192 to redevelop the 1.2 million square foot building. In June 2006, the Sears building opened again, this time housing the Midtown Global Market--providing food, produce and merchandise, Allina Hospitals and Clinics, and a mixture of market and affordable housing, a hotel, and government services in an attempt to serve the local community and attract people back to Lake Street.

Contents

History

“Absolute Satisfaction or Your Money Back”: The History, Memory and Redevelopment of Sears

Throughout its nearly 80-year history the Sears building located on Lake Street and Elliot Avenue has been a focal point for the surrounding community. Opened in March of 1928 the building served as both a mail order and retail store. At any one time the store employed nearly 2000 workers, performing a wide range of jobs. While the store remained strong throughout the 1950s and 1960s, as early as the late 1970s, Sears, Roebuck & Co. began major restructuring efforts and began moving operations to the Chicago store. As the Lake Street Sears began to decline so did the surrounding neighborhood, becoming vulnerable to crime, drugs, and urban decline. The official closure of the store in 1994 left many ex-workers and neighborhood residents saddened and in shock.

Sears Closes Its Doors
After years of rumors and speculation Sears on Lake Street finally closed its doors on Dec. 31 1994. While the closure was not a complete shock to residents and employees, it still made waves in the Lake Street community. “The neighborhood’s coming down, but it’s a shame anyway” stated John Foster a long time Sears employee. After 66 years of serving the area, Sears, Roebuck & Co. no longer viewed the Lake Street branch as a profitable one, and moved the store to the Mall of America. The company targeted families with incomes of $25,000 to $60,000. Minneapolis’ average household income barely topped $25,000, with Phillips sitting at half of that amount. Sears had followed the money and left the mammoth building vacant in a community where crime and poverty were steadily increasing. Put “workers memories” flipbook near here

Redevelopment Revitalization and Rebirth
For nearly a decade the Sears building remained boarded up and vacant despite significant interest in the site for redevelopment use. Promises of potential buyers littered newspapers but each deal seemed to fall through. For a time there was serious talk of tearing down the Sears building and starting from scratch. In the end Ryan Companies took the bid to redevelop the site into a mixed-use building that would serve both as way to meet community housing issues, but also to attract people back to the Lake Street community.

Opened in June of 2006 the Sears building now is home to the Midtown Global Market, Allina Hospitals, a mixture of high-end and affordable houses and a hotel. The Global Market situated on what was once the retail floor of Sears, provides the neighborhood and incoming visitors with a wide range of ethnic food, produce and merchandise. The entire project cost $192 million with some federal support due to the buildings historic preservation needs. While the site is still new to the community, its success is integral to the revitalization of both the Phillips neighborhood and the Lake Street community.


Memories and stories

Memory

In the 60's and 70's my mother, raised in the Depression, was one of those women who would drive 10 miles to save 5 cents on a can of beans. So even though she was a St. Paulite, it wasn't unusual for her to cross the river to Kaplan's on Franklin Ave. or to Sears on Lake Street to buy clothes at a discount price. I remember driving up to Sears and thinking we had reached the Emerald City because of the green neon sign and the building that loomed up to the clouds. With 5 small children in tow, my mother would navigate the sale racks and swat us when we started knocking them over in our game of hide 'n seek.

I ate lunch in the Midtown Global Market recently. I could still remember where the dress department was situated.

I miss the green neon sign.

... Ruby Rose Wilson, St. Paul

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Right on Lake Street


Photo Gallery

Related Links

Midtown Community Works

Midtown Global Market

Allina Health Systems

The Chicago, Historic Lofts on the Greenway

Midtown Exchange Condos on the Greenway

Sheraton Midtown Minneapolis Hotel

Notes

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    [http://discussions.mnhs.org/HP/oneonone.cfm snubnosed]