Saint Cloud, Minnesota

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Saint Cloud, Minnesota
State Minnesota
County-
State/province:
Stearns County, Minnesota
Year founded unknown
Year Incorporated unknown
Country: United States
Population unknownwarning.png"unknown" is not a number.
Minnesota was organized as a territory in 1849. The St. Cloud area had been opened to legal ownership by non-Native Americans following treaty negotiations with the Winnebago tribe in 1851 and 1852.

St. Cloud was a waystation on the Middle and Woods branches of the Red River Trails between the Canadian border at Pembina and St. Paul. The cart trains often consisted of hundreds of ox carts; the carters would camp west of the city and cross the Mississippi in St. Cloud or in Sauk Rapids, just to the north.

The City of St. Cloud was incorporated in 1856. It developed from three distinct settlements, known as Upper Town, Middle Town, and Lower Town, that were established beginning in 1853. The remnants of the deep ravines that separated the three are still visible today. Middle Town was settled primarily by Catholic German-Americans, who were attracted to the region by Father Francis Xavier Pierz. Lower Town was founded by settlers from New England and the mid-Atlantic states. Upper Town, or Arcadia, was plotted by General Sylvanus Lowry, a slave-holding Southerner from Kentucky. Lowry was St. Cloud's first mayor, serving only one year.

Lowry battled Abolitionist newspaper editor Jane Grey Swisshelm. At one point Swisshelm's newspaper office was broken into and the press thrown into the Mississippi. St. Cloud's experience with slavery was brief. Nearly all of the Southerners left the St. Cloud area when the Civil War broke out. Lowry died soon after in 1865.

Stephen Miller served a two-year term as Minnesota governor beginning in 1864, the only citizen of St. Cloud to hold the office. Miller was a "Pennsylvania German businessman", lawyer, writer, active abolitionist, and personal friend of Minnesota Governor Ramsey. He was on the state's Republican electoral ticket with Abraham Lincoln in 1860. With no previous military experience, Miller enlisted as a private in the Minnesota's First Regiment of Volunteers, and was promoted to lieutenant colonel and eventually "Brigadier General of Volunteers". After fighting at Bull Run and in eight other battles, Miller became ill and later transferred to another unit, missing the regiment's famous charge at Gettysburg. His son Wesley, who had enlisted with his father, was killed in the battle. While in military service, Miller also served as commander of Mankato's Camp Lincoln, where 38 Dakota men were executed for their role in the Dakota War of 1862.

Although he never attended college, as governor Miller supported higher education, including the state "Normal" schools, one of which later became St. Cloud State University. In his final legislative address as governor, he made a strong but unsuccessful argument for a black suffrage amendment to the state constitution.

St. Cloud was named after Saint-Cloud, the Paris suburb, by John Wilson, a Maine native with French Huguenot ancestry. Wilson later said that his decision came from his interest in Napoleon, whose favorite palace was located in Saint-Cloud.

Steamboats once docked at St. Cloud, although river levels were not reliable. Granite quarries have operated in th earea since the 1880s, giving St. Cloud its nickname, "The Granite City."

This article is from Wikipedia.

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    Buildings in Saint Cloud, Minnesota

    # Street Neighborhood
    Cathedral of Saint Mary, 25 8th Avenue South, Saint Cloud, Minnesota 2525 Eighth Avenue S
    Paramount Theatre, 913 St. Germain Street West, Saint Cloud, Minnesota 913913 St. Germain Street W
    Saint Cloud Public Library, 124 5th Avenue South, Saint Cloud, Minnesota (Razed) 124124 5th Avenue S
    Stearns County Courthouse, 705 Courthouse Square, Saint Cloud, Minnesota 705705 Courthouse Square


    Structures in Saint Cloud, Minnesota

    Sites in Saint Cloud, Minnesota

    Neighborhood
    Barden Park, 720 5th Avenue South, Saint Cloud, Minnesota
    Eastman Park, 1101 7th Street South, Saint Cloud, Minnesota
    Saint Cloud Reformatory, 2305 Minnesota Boulevard, Saint Cloud, Minnesota


    Tours in Saint Cloud, Minnesota

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