Minneapolis Armory, 500-530 6th Street South, Minneapolis, Minnesota

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Minneapolis Armory

Minneapolis Armory
Entrance to the Armory, 500-530 Sixth Street South, Minneapolis
Address: 500 6th Street S
Neighborhood/s: Elliot Park, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Hennepin County, Minnesota
State/province: Minnesota
Country: United States
Year built: 1935-36
Primary Style: Modern
Historic Function: Institutional housing
Current Function: Other
Current Function: Parking Facility
Other Current Function: Parking Facility
Architect or source of design: Bettenburg, P. C., Wheeler, Walter H.
Material of Foundation: Granite

Elliot Park Minneapolis Hennepin County

Minneapolis Armory, 500-530 6th Street South, Minneapolis, Minnesota
(44.9747659° N, 93.2641862° WLatitude: 44°58′29.157″N
Longitude: 93°15′51.07″W
National Register of Historic Places Information
Reference Number: 85002491
Certification date: September 26, 1985
Level of significance: Local
Primary Style: Moderne

The Minneapolis Armory was constructed in 1935 as part of the WPA. In the 7 decades since it was built it has seen not only military training, but sporting events and even stared in music videos.

It is currently being used as a car park.



• Built in 1935, the Minneapolis Armory was the most important building constructed in the Twin Cities during the Depression.

• The Armory is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

• It was the costliest single building in the state supported by a Works Progress Administration (WPA) grant, a President Franklin Roosevelt initiative.

• The building is the greatest example of WPA Moderne style in Minnesota and one of the most important examples of WPA Moderne in the country – a design characterized by strong geometry, bold contouring and integrated sculpture ornamentation.

• Armory construction pumped nearly $300,000 directly into local labor products and employed as many as 407 tradesmen at one time.

• All the materials for the building were produced locally, in keeping with the principles of WPA projects – steelwork by Minneapolis-Moline and Gillette- Herzog; brick from Twin City Brick; granite from St. Cloud; limestone from Mankato.

• The Armory houses two of the few remaining examples of Federal Arts Project murals – two 12-foot frescoed murals by local artists Lucia Wiley and Elsa Jemne.

• At its peak, more than 27 units of the Minnesota National Guard and Naval Militia used the Armory for training and recreational purposes. Forty-ton tanks were periodically run around the drill hall track and the balcony was built out from the south wall to resemble the bridge of a battleship.

• In 1980 the National Guard suspended operations at the Armory site.

• From the late 1930s through 1970s the building was used for civic events, including trade shows, political conventions, concerts and sporting events. After World War II and until 1959, it was the site for the Golden Gloves boxing tournament, professional wrestling and Lakers’ professional basketball games.

• In April 1989, when the City of Minneapolis relinquished its right of first refusal for the property, Hennepin County purchased the Armory for $4.7 million as the site for a new jail.

• In July 1989, Judge Steven Lange of the 4th district Hennepin County court removed the local historic landmark designation from the Armory.

• In January 1993, the Minnesota Supreme Court overturned a district court decision and ruled that the Armory was protected under the Minnesota Environmental Rights Act and could not be razed because of its historical status.

• In November 1998, the Hennepin County Board agreed to sell the Armory to Armory Development II LLC for $2.6 million. The developer, in turn, invested $2.9 million to convert the building to a parking structure.

• Two of the county’s conditions of sale were that the owner must restore and preserve the historic structure and allow the county to maintain the Veterans Memorial Garden.

• Veterans Memorial Garden - Dedication: May 24, 2001 - The design of the garden was inspired by a 1928 postcard, found by a vacationing Hennepin County employee in a Vermont antique store, depicting the elegant formal gardens of the first National Guard Armory, once located on what is now the site of the Minneapolis Sculpture Gardens. - Plantings include red-white-and-blue shrub roses, planted in a wave pattern; 850 red-white-and-blue tulips; and other perennials, annuals and ornamental grasses. In 2017 the condition of the garden is neglected and vandalized.

• In July 2015 developer Ned Abdul purchased the Armory and filed plans to convert it to an event center. Although the Armory is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, Abdul decided not to apply for Federal and State historic building rehabilitation tax credits.

• On March 10, 2017 the Minneapolis City Council voted to once again list the Minneapolis National Guard Armory as a local historic landmark.

Memories and stories

Photo Gallery

Related Links

Works Progress Administation in Minnesota

The WPA Federal Arts Project in Minnesota 1935-1943

The WPA Federal Writers Project in Minnesota 1935-1943

Works Progress Administration in Minnesota


National Guard Mural by Lucia Wiley

Lucia Wiley

Elsa Jemne

National Register

National Register of Historic Places form

Minnesota Environmental Resources Act Lawsuit 1993

Archabal versus Hennepin County

Nina Archabal - Minneapolis Armory Lessons learned

A Great Victory for Minnesota Preservation

Armory Protest 1992

Armory protest 1992 1

Armory protest 1992 2

Armory protest 1992 3

Armory by Lileks

The Minneapolis Armory on Lileks.com

Development and Historic Designation






    Personal tools
    [http://discussions.mnhs.org/HP/oneonone.cfm snubnosed]