Ladies' Hall / Fairchild Hall, Berea College, Chestnut and South Main Street, Berea, Kentucky
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|Madison County, Kentucky|
Although it no longer stands isolated in the surrounding forests, the exterior of the three-story brick building appears much as it did initially. Roof crestings, a bracketed cornice, segmental hood molds over the windows, and a porthole dormer centered over the entrance add emphasis to the overall design. Each of the end projecting units contains a gabled dormer. A two-story gallery, originally with wooden spindle railing which has been replaced with iron, spans the width of the recessed five-bay central block. A raised basement that once housed a dining room produces a contrast between the brick structural fabric and its stone foundation material.
The first brick building on campus, Fairchild Hall was known as Ladies’ Hall from 1873 until 1937. Named for E. Henry Fairchild (1815-1889), the first president of Berea College (1869-1889) and an alumnus of Oberlin College in Ohio, this residence hall features essentially the same design as that of Ladies’ Hall at Oberlin. Eclecticism is expressed I the combination of Second Empire and Italiante styles. Architects were Cady, Bergh, and See of New York City. (See MAB-71)